Thursday, September 3, 2020

Enabling Innovation in Campus Networks

Question: Talk about the Enabling Innovation in Campus Networks. Answer: Presentation Programming Define innovation is a sort of PC organizing which permits and help the system director to deal with the system administration of the association through the reflection of lower level usefulness. It tends to the way that the static design of conventional system doesn't bolster the dynamic, versatile figuring and put away the cutting edge processing situations like the server farm. SDN are usually connected with the Open Flow convention. It develops later in the year 2011. From 2012 numerous organizations have moved away from Open Flow as a solitary arrangement and have grasped various strategies which incorporates like Cisco's open Network Environment and Nicira Network Virtualization. Programming characterized organizing has begun not long after Sun Microsystems which is discharged by JAVA in the year 1995]. The first SDN venture was ATT's GeoPlex. The principle motivation behind this task is to build up the aptitudes of rising innovation SDN (Software Define Networking) .Through this task first thing which we will learn is the manner by which to build up the information dependent on some present status of rising innovation SDN which help the association to accomplish their work all the more effectively and quick. In the wake of examining and looking SDN developing innovation we will likewise distinguish it's security issue of the rising innovation. Writing Review I have experienced the various articles and book and get the information on Software Defined Technology. Subsequent to doing the examination I found this is a developing innovation and a rising idea for the PC organizing. It has been brought together the product legitimately to control the conduct of the system. It controls the system through the fundamental the physical switches and switches. I have experienced an article which is composed by Nick Mckeown he accepts that from years the PC researcher has thought to enhance something new which will improve the system speed, unwavering quality, security and the vitality productivity. Be that as it may, all the researcher has fizzled as the test was unthinkable for the enormous scope. An organization like Cisco and Hewlett-Packard had attempted yet the test was impractical. After that the Nick McKeon and his universities think to build up a standard called Open Flow which opens up the web and permit the client to characterize the information stream utilizing the product called SDN (Software Defined Networking). This system coordinates all the switches and switches, how to guide the system traffic to each other. It additionally ensures the exclusive steering guidance which separates one organization's equipment from another. As indicated by the James Mclllece Software Define, organizing gives a strategy to design and deal with the physical and virtual system gadgets like switch, switches and passage in the server farm. He told that virtual system component like Hyper V Virtual Switch, Windows Server Gateway is intended to be the necessary component of the product characterized organizing foundation He has clarified pleasantly in his article about the SDN , he told that SDN is just conceivable in light of the system planes. On the off chance that the association utilize this system there will be no bound to the system gadgets. The product characterized organizing permits the client to deal with the server farm progressively to give the computerized and concentrated approach to meet the prerequisite of the companys application and remaining tasks at hand. The accompanying abilities of the product Defined Networking are : It has the ability to characterize and control the strategies which oversee both the physical and virtual system which incorporates the traffic stream of the system. It executes the system approaches in a steady way with an ideal scale, regardless of whether the client or an organization send the new outstanding task at hand or move the remaining task at hand over the virtual or physical systems. It additionally abstracts the application and remaining burden from the hidden physical system which achieves by vitalizing the system. Paradis and Thomas additionally characterized that product Defined Networks is a worldview in which the directing choice are taken by a control layer. They told that on the off chance that we experience the contrast between the product characterized organize and the regular system structure were we can see that control plane and sending plane are isolated and convey through the various conventions like open stream. They told that SDN is fundamentally an alternate proposition which is just founded on layered methodology and attempt to unite the administration of the distinctive layer into a solitary controller. He additionally says that Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a rising engineering which is reasonable, it is savvy and dynamic. It is likewise a perfect for the high-data transfer capacity, dynamic nature of the present applications. Paul Goransson in his book clarified about the Software-characterized organizing. He has pleasantly clarified the SDN, he says that in the year 2010 when he gave the main open chat on Open Flow that time this convention was the core of SDN and nobody had known about Open stream or programming characterized organize. He told that following 10 months in the long stretch of May 2011, open stream become popular and everybody began discussing the Open stream. The creator likewise told that, after this from 2012 numerous organizations have moved away from Open Flow as a solitary arrangement and have grasped various procedures which incorporates like Cisco's open Network Environment and Nicira Network Virtualization. The creator was likewise a sequential business person who has new businesses through the effective procurement by industry goliaths. He has additionally utilized this product characterized arrange in his association. Subsequent to experiencing every one of these articles , book s, and diary I have accumulated a lot of data with respect to the Software Defined Networking. Programming Define innovation is a kind of PC organizing which permits and help the system overseer to deal with the system administration of the association through the deliberation of lower level usefulness. In the present current age this SDN is the developing innovation which causes each organization to have the great systems administration system.I likewise came to realize that Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a rising engineering which is dynamic and savvy, it is additionally a perfect for the high-transmission capacity, dynamic nature of the present applications. This design isolates the system control and forward the capacities and which empowers the system control and it legitimately gets programmable and underlines the framework to be preoccupied for applications and system administrations. Among this, the Open Flow convention is an essential component which manufactures SDN arrangements. It is the core of SDN. The design of the SDN is: Legitimately programmable: In this, the Network control is straightforwardly programmable in light of the fact that it is isolated from sending capacities. Spry: It controls the sending of executives powerfully and alters the system wide traffic stream to meet the changing needs of the association. Halfway oversaw: Network knowledge is the one which is legitimately incorporated in programming which depends on SDN controllers and which keep up a worldwide perspective on the system, which appears to an applications and strategy motors as a solitary, sensible switch and switch. Automatically designed: SDN lets organize deal with the chiefs arrange, secure, and it advance the system assets rapidly through powerful and robotized the SDN programs. Open principles based and merchant impartial: When SDN are executed through open gauges, at that point it rearranges the system plan and It is an exceptionally basic procedure security to the SDN. To give a security to the SDN a legitimate information on innovation is required. It is all around programmable so helpless assault happen in the SDN. The dangers: Directed Level Malevolent Behavior Brought about by Potential Countermeasures Sending Plane Switch DoS Bundle Encryption and Passage Bypassing Restricted Forwarding Table Storage Capacity Gigantic Number of Flows Restricted Switchs Buffering Capacity I. Rule Aggregation II. Expanding Switchs Buffering Capacity Control Plane DDoS Attack I. Centralization Controller Replication II. Restricted Forwarding Table Storage Capacity I. Dynamic Master Controller Assignment II. Gigantic Number of Flows Traded off Controller Assaults I. Centralization I. Controller Replication with Diversity Attacks II. Effective Controller Assignments Sending control connect Man-in-center assaults Correspondence message sent in clear Encryption Countermeasures: To keep the SDN shielded from these assaults the client needs to give a legitimate security. The Denial of Service assault is a kind of system assault which is intended to focus on the system or machine with a colossal measure of pointless traffic which is over-burden and inevitably bring it down to the knees. The primary aim of the DoS assault is to make the administrations on the objective machine which is in every case incidentally inaccessible to its individual clients. The organization who will utilize the SDN administration they should keep the system with a security like they should utilize id and secret key framework to keep the significant information of this SDN to shield from the danger Denial of Service. They ought not spill out any code of the system to some other customer it might influence the administration. Reference Open Daylight, Open Daylight: A Linux Foundation Collaborative Project, 2013. [Online]. Accessible: A. Lara, A. Kolasani, and B. Ramamurthy, Network advancement utilizing OpenFlow: A study, Communications Surveys Tutorials, IEEE, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 493512, First 2014 M. McBride, M. Cohn, S. Deshpande, M. Kaushik, M. Mathews, S. Nathan, SDN Security Considerations in the Data Center,Open Networking Foundation-ONF SOLUTION BRIEF, 2013 N. McKeown, T. Anderson, H. Balakrishnan, G. Parulkar, L. P

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Modern Global Epidemic Of Obesity

Present day Global Epidemic Of Obesity In his Annual report of 2002, the UK Chief Medical Officer has depicted it as a wellbeing time bomb. Overweight and hefty kids are probably going to remain stout into adulthood with expanded danger of related major ceaseless sicknesses. Thus, financial incongruities saw in weight supplement financial disparities in wellbeing (Law et al., 2007). Avoidance of youth corpulence along these lines is basic. In this paper, the creator will inspect the unpredictable cooperation of social, monetary, natural and ecological determinants of wellbeing that may clarify the ongoing blast, moves in segment patterns of this overall issue, and quickly investigate way of life and conduct factors that may make specific dangers. A conversation about causes, complexities and treatment alternatives of youth weight will follow. The creator will audit and break down determinants and wellbeing approach activities, basically assess different worldwide, national and neighborhood procedures, activities and mediations, which expect to forestall corpulence in adolescence and inspect their connection to regular wellbeing advancement models and speculations. By basically inspecting the scope of communications and existing activities, the creator tries to propose suitable mediations to handle the developing test of youth stoutness. Watchwords: youth corpulence, imbalances, approach, technique, anticipation, wellbeing advancement DEFINITION Heftiness/Adiposity is characterized as a condition portrayed by unnecessary muscle versus fat. Muscle versus fat can either be put away transcendently around the midriff or around the hips. Weight Index (BMI) is utilized to gauge stoutness and characterized as: Bodyweight (Kg) (Keys et al., 1972) Tallness (m) 2 BMI is helpful in clinical practice and epidemiologic examinations, however has confinements. Freedman et al. (2004) announced that in spite of the fact that BMI is a decent proportion of fat mass in kids with high BMIs, it's anything but a solid pointer in more slender kids. Two universal datasets that are broadly used to characterize overweight and weight in pre-younger students are International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) reference and World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards (2006). None is better than the other and both will in general disparage or overestimate the predominance when utilized on a similar populace (Monasta et al. 2010). Edges for heftiness in youngsters in UK (and Scotland) are estimated by alluding to UK National BMI grouping framework that utilizations reference bends dependent on information from a few British investigations somewhere in the range of 1978 and 1990 (Cole et al, 2000). Kids are named overweight or fat utilizing the 85th and 95th percentiles as cut focuses. Pervasiveness, patterns and expenses Corpulence has gotten a pestilence in numerous pieces of the world and studies in the course of the most recent decade have recorded the quickly expanding predominance of stoutness and overweight among kids alongside rising financial disparities (Wang and Lobstein, 2006; Lobstein, Baur and Uauy, 2004). The most recent WHO report (Mercedes, Monika and Elaine, 2010) in view of studies from 144 nations gauges that all around, 43 million kids (remembering 35 million for creating nations) are overweight and fat and another 92 million are in danger of overweight. This compares to a predominance increment from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010. In England, 2008 figures indicated 16.8% of young men matured 2 to 15, and 15.2% of young ladies were classed as hefty, an expansion from 11.1% and 12.2% individually in 1995 (The Health and Social Care Information Center, 2010). Among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) nations, just USA and Mexico having more elevated levels of corpulence than Scotland and this is relied upon to deteriorate even with current mediation rehearses. Scottish Govt. report (2010) states that in 2008, 15.1% kids were large and 31.7% were overweight. In the midst of this fate and melancholy situation are late reports (Stamatakis, Wardle and Cole, 2010) indicating patterns in overweight and stoutness commonness have settled or turned around in pre-adolescents and early high school a long time in France, Switzerland and Sweden. In the US as well, the heftiness pandemic might be settling (Ogden et al.,2010) yet it is too soon to know whether the information do mirror a genuine level (Cali and Caprio, 2008). Additionally, in England, slants in overweight and stoutness predominance have leveled off after 2002 (Stamatakis, Wardle and Cole, 2010); be that as it may, financial disparities have developed. Medicinal services (direct) expenses of corpulence are just a small amount of generally speaking (backhanded) expenses to society (McCormick, 2007) which are because of loss of business, creation levels and untimely annuities and passings. Weight is answerable for 2-8% of complete wellbeing costs in Europe and other created nations (WHO, 2007). Direct expenses of weight in Scotland were about  £175 million of every 2007/8 and expected to twofold by 2030. The roundabout expenses were a lot higher (about  £457 million) and anticipated that ascent should  £0.9 billion- £3 billion by 2030 (Scottish Govt. report, 2010). In England, late gauge of direct corpulence related expenses to NHS is  £4.2 billion and this may twofold by 2050. Cost to the more extensive economy is in the district of  £16 billion, and will ascend to  £50 billion every year by 2050 whenever left unchecked (Department of Health (DH) report, 2010). Imbalances Albeit no unmistakable connection between financial status (SES) in early life and youth stoutness (yet affirmed a solid relationship with expanded bloatedness in adulthood) was accounted for by Parsons et al.,(1999); a later methodical survey by Shrewsbury and Wardle (2008) bolsters the view that overweight and heftiness will in general be progressively common among socio-monetarily impeded youngsters in created nations. Comparative examples are appeared in information from England (Stamatakis, Wardle and Cole, 2010; Law, 2007) and Scotland (Scottish Govt. report, 2010). Notwithstanding, patterns shift inside various ethnic populaces as featured by Wang and Zhang (2006); an audit by Caprio et al. (2008) who contemplated the impact of race, ethnicity and culture on weight patterns finished up higher commonness in non-Caucasian populaces in US. Albeit prior reports (Wang, 2001) uncovered that the weight of this issue was for the most part in wealthier areas of the populace in creating countries, ongoing reports (Lobstein, Baur and Uauy, 2004; Wang and Lobstein, 2006) demonstrate that pervasiveness is ascending among the urban poor in these nations, conceivably because of their presentation to Westernized consumes less calories covering with a background marked by undernutrition. The explanations behind the distinctions in pervasiveness of youth stoutness among populace bunches are mind boggling, including race, ethnicity, hereditary qualities, physiology, culture, SES including parental training, condition, just as communications among these factors (Law et al.,2007; Caprio and Cali, 2008; Townsend and Ridler, 2009). ETIOPATHOGENESIS and COMPLICATIONS Kirk, Penney and McHugh (2010) contend the unpredictability of the obesogenic condition, which involves individual (for example diet and physical movement inclinations; inability), physiological (for example hereditary qualities, race and ethnic, mental, metabolic) and ecological elements (home, school, and network). Other contributory elements are impacts in the public arena (e.g., social and companion impacts, food notices) and accessibility of and access to ideal human services. Albeit hereditary variables can affect singular inclination (Wardle et al., 2008), perinatal and maternal elements clarify quickly increasing worldwide predominance rates. Key perinatal components for youth weight (Wojcik and Mayer-Davis (2010), refered to in Freemark, 2010) are maternal overweight previously, during and after pregnancy, smoking and container taking care of. The moms dietary propensities and level of physical movement are likewise huge. Diminished physical movement levels related with inactive amusement (video and PC games), automated transportation (less strolling), and expanding urbanization (constrained chance to physical action) are totally connected with expanded danger of weight (Trost et al. 2001; Gordon-Larsen, McMurray and Popkin, 2000). Kids with handicap are at a more serious hazard to create stoutness (Reinehr et al.,2010); factors incorporate wellbeing concerns and confined access to physical action. Epstein et al. (2008) suggest that TV seeing energizes weight gain by diminishing physical movement, yet additionally by expanding vitality admission. Likewise, TV promoting could antagonistically influence dietary examples for the duration of the day (Lewis and Hill, 1998). Psychosocial variables can impact dietary and physical action practices that characterize vitality balance. Youngsters who experience the ill effects of disregard and despondency are at expanded hazard for heftiness during youth and sometime down the road (Johnson GJ et al.,2002; Pine DS et al.,2001).In differentiate, social help from guardians and others builds support in physical movement of kids and teenagers (Sallis, Prochaska, Taylor, 2000). There is proof that bosom milk in early stages may ensure against overweight in youth (Harder et al.,2005) while admission of nourishments with high glycemic list, sweet soda pops and quick food sources are related with expanded hazard and predominance of youth corpulence (Ludwig et al.,2001; French, 2001); in any case, long haul preliminaries are expected to certify this affiliation. Likewise, eating out (Zoumas-Morse et al.,2001) has all the earmarks of being a significant contributory way of life factor. Inordinate fat in the eating regimen is accepted to cause weight gain (Jequier, 2001); however, this affiliation isn't reliably appeared in epidemiological investigations (Atkin L-M Davies, 2000; Troiano,2000). Lustig (2006) suggests that the connection between changes in the earth and neuroendocrinology of human vitality balance is mind boggling. The creator clarifies that practices of expanded caloric admission and diminished vitality consumption are optional to commit weight gain that is d

Friday, August 21, 2020

Brand Evolution Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Brand Evolution - Assignment Example The superstar brand of Christina Aguilera and Britney Spears speaks to their individual ways of life, values, character, feeling and the wants that two famous people are distinguished straightforwardly with. It is prominent that the idea of the two brands has gone above and beyond to be related with a sub-culture in the general public for the most part through their fans. A large portion of the shoppers who are the fans are described with high-contribution where they have sincerely put resources into the brand. The two brands in the 21st century have had subculture eminently the youngsters in the general public outstandingly women distinguishing themselves. Both Christina Aguilera and Britney Spears brands have exceptionally genuinely put resources into the way of life the brand represents.Comparing the two vocation ways that both Aguilera and lances have taken lights up how their brands are persuasive in the contemporary social orders everywhere throughout the world. Christina Aguil era and Britney Spears got well known and rose to superstardom nearly simultaneously. This youth rivalry in different occasions contributed enormously to the improvement of the two personality brands of the two artists. Their disparities are as convincing as their likenesses in the different parts of execution and amusement measurements. Aguilera and Spears were conceived in 1980 and 1981 individually and the two of them contended as little youngsters in the vast majority of the nearby rivalries during their childhood. Their image advancement started as they acted in different intelligent gifts by trying out for The Mickey Mouse Club,†.... Both Christina Augilera and Britney Spears brands have exceptionally sincerely put resources into the way of life the brand speaks to. BRAND DEVELOPMENT Comparing the two vocation ways that both Aguilera and lances have taken lights up how their brands are powerful in the contemporary social orders everywhere throughout the world. Christina Augilera and Britney Spears got well known and rose to superstardom nearly simultaneously. During their time it was viewed as the clash of the blondies, they contended since adolescence and there is no unmistakable champ between the two. This youth rivalry in different occasions contributed enormously to the advancement of the two personality brands of the two vocalists. They were both skilled specialists, and their disparities are as convincing as their similitudes in the different parts of execution and diversion measurements (Beverly 2005). Aguilera and Spears were conceived in 1980 and 1981 individually and the two of them contended as little youngsters in the greater part of neighborhood rivalries during their adolescence. Their image advancement started as they acted in different intelligent abilities by trying out for The Mickey Mouse Club,†. This was a mainstream TV appear in USA where Aguilera tried out in 1991 and held up two years until she was more established. Aguilera supported her vocation in execution and singing checking rapidly her place as a diva with an incredible voice appropriate for singing. Britney Spears then again started her image creation in 1992 joining The Mickey Mouse Club† where Aguilera had marked a year back. This denoted the start of their image foundation being a piece of one group. Until the retraction in 1994 Spears and Aguilera remained on the show and they did some of various exhibitions together on the show. Credited to this reality is that the two

Tuesday, June 9, 2020

Sneak Peak PQs Best Undergraduate B-Schools -

Sneak Peak: PQs Best Undergraduate B-Schools by: Nathan Allen on December 04, 2018 | 0 Comments Comments 3,813 Views December 4, 2018For the third straight year,  PoetsQuants will publish its annual ranking of the Best Undergraduate Business Schools. This year, a total 0f 88 schools will be ranked — more than any previous year. The rankings will be published in entirety next Wednesday morning (December 12) at midnight Eastern Time.In addition to the rankings, in-depth profiles on all 88 schools to be ranked as well as five schools that submitted school survey data but did not meet the minimum alumni response rate to be included. A wealth of proprietary data based on the school and alumni surveys — including average SAT scores, employment data, acceptance rates, and average high school GPAs — will also be published.As always,  PQ will make available all the data used in its ranking as well as additional information such as the schools schools enrolling th e most U.S. minorities, international students, and first-generation college students. After the rankings go live, a series of stories will explore which schools leave students in the most debt and which ones offer the most generous scholarship grants.FOUR NEW SCHOOLS WILL BE IN THIS YEARS TOP TENLast year, the University of Pennsylvanias Wharton School topped the list. Wharton was followed by Washington University in St. Louis Olin Business School, the University of Virginia McIntire School of Commerce, the University of Notre Dame Mendoza School of Business, and Georgetown Universitys McDonough School of Business, respectively.  This years list features four new schools in the top ten. One school — Boston Colleges Carroll School of Management — is being ranked for the first time and debuted in the top ten.  (see the 2017 rankings here).PoetsQuants  Best Undergraduate Business Schools ranking is based on three key categories — admissions standards, the co llege experience, and career outcomes. Each category is weighted equally in the methodology (see How We Crunched The Numbers).  This year, just as we did in the previous two years, admissions standards are broken down by business school acceptance rates (30%), average SATs (35%), and percentage of students graduating in the top 10% of their high school class (35%).The college and business school experience is based entirely on responses to our extensive alumni survey. This year, however, we included results from last years survey to increase the sample size and boost the statistical validity of the results. Alumni results from this year were weighted 75%, while last years were given the remaining 25% weight. That was the only significant change in our methodology this year.BUSINESS REMAINS THE MOST POPULAR UNDERGRADUATE MAJOR IN THE U.S.The final third of the ranking is determined by career outcomes. The percentage of students with full-time employment within three months of gradu ation is given a 50% weight, while annual salary and signing bonus average is given a 30% weight and the percentage of students completing a business-related internship before graduation is weighted 20%.Business still remains the most popular major in the U.S. According to the most recent data (updated last March) from the National Center for Education Statistics, 372,000 business degrees were awarded during the 2015-2016 academic year. The next highest category was health professions and related categories, which awarded 229,000 during the same academic year.Of course, no ranking is perfect and a college decision should not be made on a ranking alone.  PQ publishes a wealth of data-based insights on the schools   and in-depth school profiles so readers may use this information as a launching place to explore and target their best choices for a quality business education. When the rankings are published next week, take the time to go through the stories and data to begin or aid the college search.THESE SCHOOLS WILL BE ON THE TOP TEN NEXT WEEKIn no order, here are this years top ten schoolsBoston College Carroll School of ManagementUniversity of California-Berkeley Haas School of BusinessCornell University Dyson School of Applied Economics and ManagementUniversity of Michigan Ross School of BusinessUniversity of Pennsylvania Wharton SchoolUniversity of Texas-Austin McCombs School of BusinessWashington University in St. Louis Olin Business SchoolUniversity of Virginia McIntire School of CommerceNew York University Stern School of BusinessVillanova University School of BusinessDONT MISS: BUSINESS SCHOOLS WITH THE BEST UNDERGRADUATE FINANCE PROGRAMS or 10 UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS SCHOOLS TO WATCH IN 2018 Page 1 of 11

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Philosophy Is Completely Different From Psychology

Philosophy is one of the most interesting subject. Many people assume and confuse it with psychology. Philosophy is completely different from psychology. Psychology is how a person feels about a topic, while philosophy is how you ought to feel about the topic. The purpose of philosophy is to understand an argument, not emotional, but logically. Only by truly understanding an argument, one can improve his/her thinking. Within philosophy, there are many ethical theories. Such theories include: the Divine Command Theory, Hedonism, Desire Theory, Ethical Relativism, and much more. In this term paper, I will discuss which theory I believe is the strongest and which theory I believe is the weakest. Regardless, there is no perfect theory. Each theory is without flaws. I believe act-utilitarianism is the strongest ethical theory presented in class. Act-utilitarianism is when, according to Russ Shafer-Landau, â€Å"acts are right just because they maximize the overall amount of well-being in the world†. On the other hand, actions are wrong if they do not maximize the overall amount of well-being in the world. Because the main concept of utilitarianism is to improve the overall well-being, that concept determines which actions are considered right or wrong. Act-utilitarianism is a part of a family of theories that are similar to consequentialism and utilitarianism (neither act nor rule utilitarianism). This family of theories are all similar in a way that the main idea is to improve andShow MoreRelatedPsychology And The Human Soul998 Words   |  4 Pages1. Psychology exists in several different forms. Name and briefly describe them. Also, give an example of each. Psychology is known for studying the behavior and mind; trying to understand the human mind in its conscious and unconscious state. The thoughts in our conscious not only affect our behavior but it allows or prohibits certain actions; for example, a person who has an emotional attraction to someone is less likely to lie to them. However, they’re three noted forms in psychology suchRead MoreRationalism vs. Empiricism Essay1573 Words   |  7 Pagesincluding knowledge. While the debate between the rationalist and empiricist schools did not have any relationship to the study of psychology at the time, it has contributed greatly to facilitating the possibility of establishing the discipline of Psychology. This essay will describe the empiricist and rationalist debate, and will relate this debate to the history of psychology. The debate between rationalist and empiricist philosophers looks at the nature of knowledge, and specifically, how we gainRead MoreI Believe Act Utilitarianism Is The Strongest Ethical Theory958 Words   |  4 PagesPhilosophy is one of the most interesting subjects. Many people assume and confuse it with psychology. Philosophy is completely different from psychology. Psychology is how a person feels about a topic, while philosophy is how you ought to feel about the topic. The purpose of philosophy is to understand an argument, not emotional, but logically. Only by truly understanding an argument, one can improve his/her thinking. Within philosophy, there are many ethical theories. Such theories include: theRead MoreWomen Contribution to Psychology1633 Words   |  7 PagesWomen Contributions to Psychology Jovon Sutphin PSY/310 8 March 2013 Brandi Reynolds Abstract The essay is written about Margaret Flow Washburn. The essay speaks of her background from her early teenage years and progressing through her career as a psychologist, her battles of a womanRead MoreThe Soul And Consciousness Of Revolutionary Politics1482 Words   |  6 Pages(ideology) 6 V Psychology of Political Duty and Freedom 7 VI Conclusion 7 VII Bibliography 8 I In this short paper I will be comparing and contrasting the political psychology of Plato’s Republic and Karl Marx’s political theory. Their concepts of group consciousness will be contrasted as well as how the nature and existence of ideology affect their theories. This will be concluded by a discussion on how the understanding of political psychology contributesRead MorePsychological Perspectives Of Human Behavior1542 Words   |  7 Pagesone another. A brief description on psychology will occur, and there will also be a short summarisation on some key early influences of psychology, from its origins in philosophy. Psychology is a scientific application of behaviourism. It evolved from three key areas of research, philosophy, biology and physics. In 1879 a man named Wilhelm Wundt created the first laboratory with the sole purpose of researching psychological matters, during this time psychology as a self-conscious field of experimentRead MoreAnalysis Of Emporia State University s Masters Degree873 Words   |  4 Pageslong-term goals as a professional. The ultimate goal of any strong curriculum is to outline what the student should know and be able to do. Curriculum is built on four major foundations: history, philosophy, psychology, and sociology. Historical foundations of curriculum are important as we often learn from where we have been and focus on where we are growing by analyzing past journeys. We must be cautious to study the history so that we do not make the same mistakes as in the past. Furthermore,Read MoreSociological Approach to the Study of Religion689 Words   |  3 PagesIncluded among these approaches are social scientific approaches such as the anthropology of religion and the psychology of religion, and normative approaches such as the theology of religion and the philosophy of religion. There is also the sociological approach to the study of religion which is distinctive in that the goal of the sociologist is to gain an understanding of religion from a completely objective standpoint with no regard to the validity of any particular religion. One of the best and mostRead MoreLessons From Tuesdays With Morrie. To Be Happy In Life,1196 Words   |  5 PagesLessons from Tuesdays With Morrie To be happy in life, live the way you want, with dignity, courage, humor, and composure. In â€Å"Tuesdays With Morrie† Professor Morris â€Å"Morrie† Schwartz taught that lesson every single day of his life up until his death. Even the threat of death does not mean that you stop living with compassion, love, and energy. Morrie’s story and the way he taught Mitch is a perfect example of psychology in real life, taught by two people who are very talented in the subject of sociologyRead MoreThe Impact Of Philosophy Of Education On The Changing Nature Of Philosophy Essay1587 Words   |  7 PagesIMPACT OF HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION ON THE CHANGING NATURE OF PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION Philosophy of education is nothing to do with the various parts or streams of education it seems to deal with the sociological and evolutionary and historical base of education. Its ‘what ought to be’ not what should happen or the result of what has already taking place or happened in the field of education. It analysis the various themes related to education like the teacher centred approach, indoctrination

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marketing Project Essay - 1495 Words

Marketing Project Introduction nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In the ever changing technological era of the soon to be 21st century, electronic advancements have amazed us all. Unfortunately, the educational gap for the common man/woman as a computer end user has left many far behind. There are those who know and those who dont. This gap is the anchor of the computer industry. One question comes to mind. quot;Why would I buy a computer, investing thousands of dollars, when I dont know the first thing about them?quot; If it were as easy as plugging it in and it guiding you through every nook and cranny answering every question you had, then the computer would basically sell itself. However, the shortcomings of this†¦show more content†¦If someone who has no idea how to use a computer needs help, this could get quite costly. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;My business would deal more on the novice level. From how to turn on your computer to more advanced applications. I plan to gear my service toward the person who has a simple problem, to the more learned computer user, and will call on my service without hesitation. My goal would be to make the customer feel comfortable no matter how insignificant the case. This is what would separate my business from the others. Pricing Strategy nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;I would be most likely accepted in the market in a penetration pricing strategy. First, my overhead would be minimal so cost of my service would best serve the public at a low start up price. Second, not many are willing to open their pocket books too wide after theyve already made a major purchase. However, since my service could be considered a short term service with a high turnover, a month to month contract or a choice of extensions to this contract for additional fees would go like this: $25 for the first month up to 25 calls $45 for two months up to 50 calls $70 for three months up to 75 calls $125 for six months unlimited calls $200 for 1 year unlimited calls all emergency home visits would be a $20 charge An important note: These would be the promotional prices in the IntroductoryShow MoreRelatedAzalea Project Marketing1003 Words   |  5 PagesFoundations of Marketing Azalea Project 1. What do you see as Azalea’s most pressing marketing problem? Does it lie in their product, price, place, or promotion or some combination of 2 or more of these? Be specific in your answer. The most pressing marketing problems are: †¢ Commitment to the overall goals allowing the appropriate marketing strategy to be devised and implemented. †¢ Location and facility- Does not promote confidence in the ability for Azalea to be able to deliver on promises Read MoreMarketing Research Project4579 Words   |  19 PagesA MARKETING RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT ON â€Å"RETAIL MARKETING-MALL MANIA† UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF Mr. S. K. PANDEY (FACULTY OF M.R.) SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: Dr. D. K. Garg Shweta Bansal Chairman Enr. No. 12067 IIMT, Greater Noida Barsha Mahanta Read MorePringles Marketing Project3979 Words   |  16 PagesCollage . As part of my Marketing Practice Module I am required to select a product and analyse the Marketing Mix in relation to the product. The product I have selected is Pringles. I chose to do my project on Pringles as they have a very interesting packaging design and they are one of the leading providers of potatoes crisps. Firstly I will present an overview of Pringles then I will examine the Marketing Mix used by Pringles. There are four elements of the Marketing Mix, these are, ProductRead MoreMarketing Proposal Project5597 Words   |  23 PagesVerizon Project Proposal Child Alert MKT421 Verizon- in General From the Verizon web page, Verizon CommunicationsÂ…. is one of the world s leading providers of high-growth communications services. Verizon companies are the largest providers of wire line and wireless communications in the United States, with nearly 135 million access line equivalents and over 30 million wireless customers. Verizon is also the world s largest provider of print and online directory information. A FortuneRead MoreEssay Marketing Project3910 Words   |  16 PagesMP-APPENDIX B STUDENT MARKETING PLAN FOR â€Å"CYNOSURE† A Marketing Plan Presented by: Sepideh Bayani Table of Contents Page 1. Background 1 2. Strategic Focus and Plan 1 Mission Statement 1 Goals 1 Competitive Advantage 2 3. Situation Analysis 2 SWOT Analysis 2 Competitor Analysis 3 Company Analysis 3 Customer Analysis 4 Customer Analysis 4 4. Market-Product Focus 4 Marketing and Product Objectives 4 Market-Product Grid 5 Read MoreMarketing Mini-Project1204 Words   |  5 PagesCategory: Woman or man ¡Ã‚ ¦s shoes Three Stores: Aldo, Payless Shoes, Sport ¡Ã‚ ¦s Check, Observations We pick three different stores that have different characteristics throughout the store decoration, sales, and the style of the shoes that each of the store carries. The stores are Aldo, payless shoes, and sport ¡Ã‚ ¦s check. Aldo carries fashion shoes which attract people who are more considering about the look of themselves. Payless Shoes has different brand of shoes and style with lower priceRead MoreMarketing Project (Jeans)2607 Words   |  11 Pagescan be place in the store front windows for potential customers to see as they are walking by. Conclusion Even though Paige Premium Denim has only been established in the jean market for a short while, it is predominately noticeable that the marketing mix used to promote such a unique product is well defined and working toward a mainstream customer base. As wide spread as the jean market is, Paige Premium Denim is certainly one that keeps the customer in mind during the creation process. SheRead MoreEssay on Marketing Project2410 Words   |  10 Pagesin an advancing industry * Communication mechanism is fragmented After evaluation of the alternative courses WICS has for consideration, recommendations to address and rectify each issue were chosen. Through assigning specific tasks to the marketing department and enabling a communication mechanism along the personnel chain, objectives and opportunities can be shared. By making strategic role changes to the territorial and area managers, redundancies can be eliminated and the goal of developingRead MoreMarketing Project. on Symphony1800 Words   |  8 PagesBRANDING STRATEGIES OF [pic] MOBILE PHONE IN BANGLADESH [pic] [pic] Introduction Marketing strategy of a company in a new country plays a vital role in determining its future in that country. SYMPHONY, a Chinese origin mobile phone which entered Bangladesh market in the year 2008 focused to capture the market with its low pricing; exclusive features and designs challenging the renowned existing brands that took hold of a large market shareRead MoreApple Marketing Project2696 Words   |  11 PagesTITLE: The impact of Apple products in the electronic business market and what makes them more superior from their competitors? The role of marketing management to target the consumers, critically analyse? Introduction: To begin with, the investigation will be made in this research to know about the product which produced from Apple in e- business market and how well they create an environment to make their products more superior from their competing rivalries. The reason behind selecting this

Parliamentary Sovereignty

Question: Evaluate whether Parliament is sovereign, giving consideration to judicial power and the effect of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) on the law of England and Wales. Answer: Introduction The Doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty is ingrained in the British Constitution; however, this is no longer absolute as the concept is evolving.[1] Historically, parliamentary sovereignty was held above all else[2] with the exception of the Doctrine of Implied Repeal as exemplified in Vauxhall Estates v Liverpool Corporation[3] where a future legislative assembly could not be bound by a sitting one through statute. Consequently, it is a logical assumption is that the judiciary cannot challenge the sovereignty of parliament as it has unlimited legislative powers superseding the courts.[4] In exercise of their judicial powers, courts have elicited great discourse on the impact of the Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA) and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) on the parliaments supremacy. It is, therefore, important to evaluate the evolution of this doctrine considering the concepts of judicial power and judicial review as per the provisions of the HRA 1998 and the ECHR. Parliamentary Sovereignty and HRA Act 1998 In theory, judicial power is defined as the authority exercised by an arm of government to hear, determine and make judgements.[5] Judges exercise their legislative power when they interpret statutes without any reference to members of parliament.[6] In the UK, sections 2 and 3(1) of the HRA 1998 give the judiciary interpretive powers on Conventional Rights and primary legislation in relation to these rights. All UK law is subject to interpretation in a manner that is compatible with the 1998 Act.[7] This leaves the power to enforce human rights with the judiciary; an increase in the courts powers at the expense of parliament.[8] There is a variance of opinion on the effect of the expansion of the courts judicial powers on parliamentary sovereignty. In R (Jackson) v Attorney General,[9] Lady Hale stated that by enacting the 1998 Act parliament had limited its own powers. This is because the provisions of the HRA 1998 provide judges with the obligation to surpass conventional domestic law while performing their interpretive duty.[10] It is important to note that the effectiveness of courts depends on the willingness of other arms of government to abide by their decisions.[11] In as much as courts are encouraged to be more radical in their interpretation, they can only do so within the current limits of law.[12] In re (S) (Care Order: Implementation of Care Plan),[13] the court held that the HRA 1998 aims to protect sovereignty and as such the previous courts ruling had unjustifiably exceeded its interpretive mandate and was instead altering law under the guise of interpretation.[14] Courts have the power, under judicial review, to assess the action of other government branches so as to determine their legality and constitutionality.[15]A victim of a decision, action or omission of a public authority can apply to the High Court to provide a remedy where the authority is found to have acted unlawfully.[16] This power is provided under section 6 of the HRA 1998 that forbids any public authority from executing its mandate in contradiction to the rights. A body is subject to judicial review in respect to its public functions regardless of whether it is statutory or not.[17] In R v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers[18] a non-statutory organisation was held as susceptible to judicial review as it was exercising public functions. Traditionally, the standard for judicial review under the HRA 1998 was the irrationality test set out in the Wednesbury[19] case by Lord Greene where the rationale of decisions was tested against the reasoning and moral standing of any logical man .[20] The HRA 1998 has given courts new powers of judicial review that enable them to challenge the decisions and actions of the government in human rights terms.[21] Parliament decisions can now be challenged thus creating a limit on parliamentary sovereignty.[22] In order to preserve this sovereignty, the declaration of incompatibility was created under section 4 of the 1998 Act to ensure that where an incompatibility arises parliament still gets the final say on how to address it.[23] As illustrated in the R (Anderson) [24] where the Home Secretarys powers remained lawful and in force, despite being rendered incompatible to the HRA 1998, until a new statute was enacted; declaration of incompatibility does not invalidate statute. Parliamentary Sovereignty and the ECHR When the court at Strasbourg rules in a case, articles 1 and 46(1) of the ECHR expect that the state in question takes the necessary legal initiative to ensure that any issues raised are addressed accordingly.[25] This constitutes the extent to which judges can make law under the Convention. The Convention has been interpreted as a living instrument a claim which Lord Judge stated meant that courts could legislate on issues which previously were under parliaments jurisdiction.[26] He believed that members of parliament should have ultimate supremacy over unelected judges of any jurisdiction unless they chose to surrender such supremacy.[27] With regard to their interpretive duty, Lord Bingham in Ullah v Special Adjudicator[28] summarised the mandate of domestic courts as merely to keep up with the evolution of jurisprudence at the international court.[29] This mirror principle has however been contested by Lord Irvine who believes that UK judges should not be restricted to the bare m inimum requirement in adjudging cases as stipulated in Ullah[30] but should critically analyse the cases themselves.[31] Internationally, parliamentary supremacy is challenged by the courts power of judicial review. The standard for judicial review compatible with the ECHR is that of proportionality.[32] Unlike the irrationality test, the onus probandi lies with the legislator rather than the victim.[33] In R (Daly) v Secretary for the Home Department[34] the House of Lords endorsed proportionality as the authoritative measure of review in human rights cases as it provided a stricter and more definite assessment.[35] According to Dr Pinto-Duschinsky, the expansion jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has created a democratic inadequacy that can be corrected by introducing an override, as is present in the HRA 1998, where the back still lies with parliament.[36] Conventions rights are protected under natural law which is supported by the government.[37] However, this does not empower parliament to nullify human rights.[38] The power of judicial review is vested in the Strasbourg co urt to ensure justice prevails as even democratically elected governments could be guilty of the gravest crimes.[39] Abnegation by parliament to adhere to the Courts decisions on any matters to which it is a party would only serve to challenge the UKs international standing.[40] Conclusion The HRA 1998 upholds parliamentary sovereignty as it denies UK courts powers to veto statute.[41] The Act contains a number of provisions to protect parliamentary sovereignty[42] the most significant being that parliament still has a say on whether to repeal or amend the law which the judiciary advises as incompatible.[43] However, the orthodox standing on Parliamentary Sovereignty has evolved due to the expansion of powers in the judicial arm of government. These expansions serve to check and balance the parliamentary supremacy with respect to the Doctrine of Separation of Powers. Parliament is, therefore, sovereign but only to the extent in which its decisions are compatible with Conventional and Human Rights. References BBC, European Court of Human Rights Risk to UK Sovereignty BBC News (United Kingdom, 28 December 2013) accessed 29 August 2016 Bellamy B, Political Constitutionalism and the Human Rights Act (2011) 9 (1) ICON accessed 29 August 2016 Draft Voting Eligibility (Prisoners) HL Bill (2013-14) 13 accessed 29 August 2016 Elliot M, The Three Dimensions of the Relationship between UK Law and the ECHR (Public Law for Everyone, 5 December 2013) accessed 29 August 2016 Fenwick H, Phillipson G and Masterman R (eds), Judicial Reasoning under the UK Human Rights Act (CUP 2007) accessed 29 August 2016 Gardner C, Lord Irvine: British Judges Should Decide Human Rights Cases for Themselves (Head of Legal, 14 December 2011) accessed 29 August 2016 Gordon R and Ward T, Judicial Review and the Human Rights Act (Routledge 2013) Horne A and Miller V, Parliamentary Sovereignty and the European Convention on Human Rights ( House of Commons Library, 6 November 2014) accessed 29 August 2016 Howard E, Is Parliamentary Sovereignty Now at Threat from the Judiciary? (2014) 1(1) The Undergraduate accessed 29 August 2016 Kavanagh A, Statutory Interpretation and Human Rights after Anderson: A More Contextual Approach (2004) Public Law 540 Masterman R, The Separation of Powers in the Contemporary Constitution: Judicial Competence and Independence in the UK (CUP 2010) Thomas Raine, Judicial Review Under the Human Rights Act: A Culture of Justification (2013) 1 NELR 90 accessed 29 August 2016 Andy Williams, UK Government Politics (Heinemann 1998) accessed 29 August 2016 -- How the Human Rights Act works (Liberty) accessed 29 August 2016